Transpiration depends on evaporation, therefore factors affecting the rate of evaporation also affect the rate of transpiration.
Global warming has had a drastic impact on nature and one of its biggest hits has been on water availability. Of all the water on earth, 2.5% is fresh water and only 1% is available for use.
Irrigation should not be applied uniformly in fields because soil differs in structure and texture. Understanding water movement dynamics for individual fields are very important for irrigation scheduling.
Improved irrigation efficiency is becoming highly important due to the current decrease in available water resources and growing populations that lead to expansion of agricultural activities. Therefore proper water usage and management is vital for agricultural producers.